Author Archives: drizad

About drizad

A self employed General Practitioner who lives with his lovely family in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. He dedicates his spare time serving people with precious information on climbing the Majestic Mountain of the Borneo, Mt Kinabalu. Reachable at drizad(at)

Online Shopping Mall for Mount Kinabalu – Kinabalu eMiniMall!

I managed to set up an online shopping mall, specially made for Mount Kinabalu visitor. The ‘eMiniMall’ is provided by Chitika, a well known online shopping mall in the internet.

I made it because I just would like to share with you what are the appropriate apparel and equipment that you need before you come to Sabah and involve in one of its adventure travel chapter, especially if you decided to climb Mount Kinabalu.

As I mentioned before, Mount Kinabalu is not a technical climb. So, most of the items are pretty basic. You can even use them during your backpacking trip around the world.

By shopping from this page, you are actually supporting this free information website about climbing Mount Kinabalu. A portion of the money that you spend buying the items online will be used to pay the web hosting services and other relevant services to make sure this website maintain its existence on the net.

Feel safe and free to shop here. Hope you can find something that you like 😉

Terminal 2 can take 2.5 million travelers a year

AirAsiaDo you still remember that Kota Kinabalu has two terminal airport? Terminal 1 is for most of international flight, mainly to provide transit for flight by our national carrier, Malaysia Airline System (MAS). Terminal 2 is a low cost carrier terminal (LCCT), mainly for AirAsia and FAX. If you came to Sabah during the last 1 year via Terminal 2, you will notice a massive renovation activity going on with the terminal. Yeah, it was annoying, noisy, hot, dusty and congested. But, no fretting anymore, as it has come to an end.

Read more from New Sabah Times

The History of New Year’s Resolution

New Year's resolutionFor the upcoming 2007, I just remembered that we might need our own New Year’s resolution. Although I don’t really have new year’s resolution (since my childhood), I think I want to have one this year.

Oh, I also search for some Wiki about New Year’s resolution. Look what did I found for you. The History of New Year’s resolution. It has nothing to do with Mount Kinabalu climb, but I think it is good to know.

“The tradition of the New Year’s Resolutions goes all the way back to 153 BC. Janus, a mythical king of early Rome was placed at the head of the calendar.

With two faces, Janus could look back on past events and forward to the future. Janus became the ancient symbol for resolutions and many Romans looked for forgiveness from their enemies and also exchanged gifts before the beginning of each year.

The New Year has not always begun on January 1, and it doesn’t begin on that date everywhere today. It begins on that date only for cultures that use a 365-day solar calendar. January 1 became the beginning of the New Year in 46 B.C., when Julius Caesar developed a calendar that would more accurately reflect the seasons than previous calendars had.

The Romans named the first month of the year after Janus, the god of beginnings and the guardian of doors and entrances. He was always depicted with two faces, one on the front of his head and one on the back. Thus he could look backward and forward at the same time. At midnight on December 31, the Romans imagined Janus looking back at the old year and forward to the new. The Romans began a tradition of exchanging gifts on New Year’s Eve by giving one another branches from sacred trees for good fortune. Later, nuts or coins imprinted with the god Janus became more common New Year’s gifts.

In the Middle Ages, Christians changed New Year’s Day to December 25, the birth of Jesus. Then they changed it to March 25, a holiday called the Annunciation. In the sixteenth century, Pope Gregory XIII revised the Julian calendar, and the celebration of the New Year was returned to January 1.

The Julian and Gregorian calendars are solar calendars. Some cultures have lunar calendars, however. A year in a lunar calendar is less than 365 days because the months are based on the phases of the moon. The Chinese use a lunar calendar. Their new year begins at the time of the first full moon (over the Far East) after the sun enters Aquarius- sometime between January 19 and February 21.

Although the date for New Year’s Day is not the same in every culture, it is always a time for celebration and for customs to ensure good luck in the coming year.”

Resources : Wikipedia

Maybe you can have “climbing Mount Kinabalu” is one of your new year’s resolution… 😉

WWF discovers new animal and plant species in Borneo

Newly discovered Borneo tree frog (Rhacophorus gadingensis).I came across this article about new animal and plant species that they found in Borneo. Wildlife experts says they have discovered at least 52 new species of animals and plants between July 2005 and September 2006 on th island of Borneo.

Newly discovered Borneo tree frog (Rhacophorus gadingensis).
© Alexander Haas

According to a report compiled by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF),the new species discovered include 30 unique fish species, two tree frog species, 16 ginger species, three tree species and one large-leafed plan species.

Stuart Chapman, WWF International Coordinator of the Heart of Borneo Program, said that the “more we look the more we find” on Borneo. “These discoveries reaffirm Borneo’s position as one of the most important centers of biodiversity in the world”.

[kml_flashembed movie=”” height=”230″ width=”450″ /]

© WWF-Canon / Martin HARVEY, © WWF / Sylvia Jane YORATH, © WWF-Canon / Alain COMPOST, © WWF-Canon / Gerald S. CUBITT, © WWF-Canon / Michel TERRETTAZ, © Menno Schilthuizen

Read more from the WWF official site

More about the Heart of Borneo Forest

Anti-malaria medication for travelers to interior of Sabah

While doing my daily work today in the clinic, a guy from Canada came to see me regarding prophylaxis (preventive) medication for malaria while traveling here in Sabah. He planned to join a volunteer work that involved in providing ‘gravity feed water’ in few villages in the interior of Sabah. It occurred to me that this is also a good way to provide you the information about taking anti-malaria medication before coming to Sabah, especially if you plan to go into the virgin rain forest here.

In my medical school days, there are only few numbers of mediation that you need for malaria prevention. However, as the time goes by, there have been known that some species of malaria are resistant to the earlier treatment and medication.

I look into this website, International Association For Medical Assistance To Travelers (IAMAT), and found out specific guidelines on malaria prevention to travelers who wants to travel to anywhere around the world. Specifically, I look for ‘malaria’ and ‘Sabah, Malaysia’.

I found out that I have their “World Malaria Risk Chart”. I can’t remember where I got it, but it is the most relevant information that I can share with you. The leaflet was printed as at March 15, 2005. I don’t think that there are a lot of new anti-malaria medication for the past two years.

So, what are their recommendation?

Sabah is considered a place with high incidence of choloroquine-resistant and/or multi-drug resistant Plasmodium faciparum in Malaysia. You need to follow ONE of the following suppressive medication regimes:


LariamTake one tablet of LARIAM 250mg ONCE a week. Start one week before entering the malarious area, continue weekly during your stay and continue for four weeks after leaving. (Lariam should not be taken by persons suffering from cardiac diseases, liver or kidney disorders, epilepsy, psychiatric disorders, pregnant women and children under 30 lbs/15 kg in weight.)


MalaroneTake ONE tablet daily (250mg Atorvaquone +100mg Proguanil). Start 1 to 2 days before entering the malarious area, continue daily during your stay, and continue for 7 days after leaving. MALARONE should be taken at the same time every day with food or milk.


Take ONE tablet daily of 100mg Doxycycline (Vibramycin). Start one day before entering malarious area, continue daily during your stay, and continue for four weeks after leaving.

DoxycyclineWhen taking Doxycycline avoid exposure to direct sunlight and use sun screen with protection against long range ultraviolet radiation (UVA) to minimize risk of photosensitive reaction. Drink large amounts of water to avoid esophageal and stomach irritation.

Doxycycline should not be taken by persons with known intolerance to tetracyclines, pregnant women and children under eight years of age.


ChloroquineTake Chloroquine (Aralen) in weekly doses of 500mg (300mg base). Start one week before entering malarious area, continue weekly during your stay and continue for four weeks after leaving. It is imperative to use a mosquito bed net to avoid the bite of the nocturnal Anopheles mosquito. Use repellents and insecticides.

Persons following a Chloroquine regimen must be aware these drugs are much less effective than Lariam, Malarone or Doxycycline. They must seek immediate medical attention in case of flu-like symptoms – fever, headache, nausea, general malaise – appearing about seven days or later after entering malarious area.

Persons traveling to or working in remote areas where medical attention cannot be sought within 24 hours should consult with a specialist before leaving their home country for advice on possible self-treatment regimen in case of a malaria breakthrough attack.

Sunday Gaya Street Fair – What do they sell?

I went to Gaya Street for a photography session. Just to show you what do they have. Colourful beads

Colourful beads.

Burgers and drinks

Burgers and drinks.


Fresh fruits.

Uncle playing kulintangan

Uncle playing kulintangan.

King of fruits - DURIAN

King of Fruits – DURIAN!







Jeweleries and pearls

Jeweleries and pearls.




Another view of the same puppy. It was chained at the neck by the seller. Waiting for someone to buy it as a pet.

Safe and enjoyable journeys with infants and young children

My son with his Barney during our trip back to our hometown, Muar, Johor. This photo was taken at Senai Airport, JB.There is one simple secret to traveling with infants – planning. Parents quickly learn that even the simplest trip to the shops requires planning, when an infant is involved. With traveling on a holiday, the planning is simply on a larger scale. Parents have to pack and carry a range of infant goods and supplies, most of which are predictable. But they also have to be prepared for the delays and discomfort that, unfortunately, are often part of travel.

The goal is to make the travel environment comfortable and restful, so that the infant eats and sleep well. For many infants, the regular motion of a train or a car, encourages sleep. With planes, there is no regular motion. Indeed infants ca find plane travel discomforting, in particular taking off and landing, where there is a change of air pressure in the cabin. For parents, there is often the added concern that the infant will become restless and disrupt the sleeping plans of the other passengers. Fortunately, planning can help minimize this risk.

Before the journey

  • Check out the different airlines’ infant facilities before booking. Usually larger planes offer the best facilities (such as bassinets and change tables) for parents and infants.
  • On most airlines, babies aged between two weeks to two years fly free. Usually the child is expected to sit on parent’s lap.
  • Check out seating arrangements first. If traveling by train or coach, seats that offer some privacy are recommended. It is always advisable to reserve seats.
  • Packing should be planned beforehand. Everything needed for the journey should be put in the hand luggage.
  • Parents should work out their respective responsibilities before setting off.

Airports and Stations

  • Allow plenty of check-in time and fill out immigration forms in advance.
  • Most large airports have bathroom facilities with changing rooms for infants.
  • It’s common for airlines to board passengers with infants first – which is useful as it allows mothers to get organized before the plane fills.
  • At the end of the journey, it’s advisable for passengers with infants to avoid the rush and leave the plane last.

Traveling Essentials

  • A bag where things are easily accessible and have separate compartments for the various items.
  • Pack of wipes.
  • Nappy change bag, with nappies, wipes, cream etc.
  • At least one change of clothes for the infant and a change of clothes for the mother.
  • A baby sleeping bag is useful.
  • Cotton sheet – this can be used to wrap the infant or as a light shield over a bassinet.
  • Baby food, bowl and utensils for an infant who is eating solids (Even if the airline has baby food available, it may not be to the infant’s liking).
  • Bottles of prepared formula and pre-boiled water to make extra feeds.

Air Travel Tips

  • The change in cabin pressure at take-off and landing can be painful for infants. So, it’s a good idea if the infant is sucking on the breast or bottle at this time.
  • Airline food can be very hot and should never be given to an infant without testing.

Traveling with more than one child

  • For young children, travel can be restricting and tedious. So entertainment is important.
  • Fortunately, most airlines offer video channels and games.
  • Young children should be encouraged to pack their own bag, and include some of their favorite toys and games (avoiding toys with small pieces that can get lost).
  • It can be a good idea to have some new toys, wrapped up as gifts, for the journey.
  • Young children may have a special blanket or soft toy that is associated with sleeping and this can help them sleep while traveling.
  • It’s a good idea to pack food treats and drinks for young children, but it’s advisable to avoid sticky foods and to have drinks in bottles or packs that cannot spill.

Long journeys by car

  • Before setting off, plan the route ahead, and work out the stops along the way.


After careful planning and packing, parents should feel confident and relaxed about their journey. A relaxed attitude is important – it can help prevent minor mishaps from turning into major catastrophes. And if parents are relaxed, they’ll sleep better, even if only for short naps that are grabbed whenever possible. With parents and infant relaxed and well rested, traveling can be an enjoyable experience for all.

How To Avoid Blisters: A Hiking Sock Guide.

Copyright © 2006 Marc Wiltse

Great hiking socks are critical for a comfortable . Do yours deliver in all the important areas? Learn how to pick the hiking sock that is best for your trip.

Your hiking socks are probably like you at work… they do a lot more than they’re given credit for. They must be comfortable, wick moisture, protect against shear, support your natural posture, keep your feet at a good temperature, distribute pressure, promote circulation, absorb shock, and be tough. That’s no small order.

Socks are almost as important as your boots and shoes when it comes to your comfort. Here are some things to consider before investing in your next pair…

Blood Flow- This is the circulation of blood through the foot. A decrease or cut-off in blood flow can be caused by unyielding fabrics in hiking socks. Acrylics in combination with other fibers and a terry weave can help with this and shear. Lack of blood flow can cause fatigue, numbness and leave your feet more susceptible to injury.

Moisture- With exertion one foot can sweat 1-2 pints of vapor/fluid per day. That’s like dumping a whole soda in each shoe! OK, so pop is stickier, but wet skin still has a tendency to stick to other surfaces which causes even more stress and trauma to your tissue. That’s why wicking technology in hiking socks is so important.

Keep in mind too, if your socks don’t wick well, bacteria and fungus can also become more of a problem. And we’ve all known that camp mate that had funky smelling feet. One of my friends actually resorted to burning his shoes in the campfire, but that’s another story… 😉

Position- If your hiking socks don’t help to maintain correct anatomical alignment it can cause premature fatigue. Correct posture also helps to correctly position your foot in your boot or shoe to make it feel like it’s an extension of your body. If you wore your dad’s shoes when you were a kid, or had a pair of shoes that were too large and floppy you know how important position is.

Pressure Areas- Pressure can cause discomfort and lead to damage if it’s not addressed. A good example of this is a bedsore. Most people hopefully won’t experience pressure to this degree, but it’s something you want to keep in mind when looking at hiking socks. Padding is especially important around bony areas like the heal and ball of the foot. Bony prominences as they’re called, don’t have the luxury of much padding. A good sock will provide just enough, but not too much cushion.

Shearing Force- This happens when your tissue is moving in opposite directions, like when jumping over a stream, or descending a steep slope. Part of your skin is moving one way and the tissue underneath it another, this causes a tearing action just under the surface of the skin. This is the most common way of getting blisters.

Temperature- Good hiking socks need to be appropriate for their intended use, from a warm weather day hike, to a week-long mountaineering trip. Once in that environment, they should help maintain a consistent comfortable temperature.

Like a shoe or boot your hiking socks should be matched to the type of hiking you’ll be doing. Whether you’re trail running or hiking the Appalachian Trail with a 50 pound backpack. Selecting the right tool for the job makes all the difference.

My website offers hiking sock reviews and recommendations as well as other gear information. I hope you found this article informative. Happy hiking. 🙂

About The Author:

Marc Wiltse began investing in quality gear after a flooded tent forced him to sleep in his tiny 2-seat Honda CRX. His hiking equipment & camping gear guides, reviews & newsletter save you time & money. Find reviews on hiking socks here: socks.html
© Marc Wiltse. Reprint permission if author, copyright, links & this notice intact.

Article Source: thePhantomWriters Article Submission Service

Rungus Longhouse – latest photo

These are two photos of the longhouse, which I took last weekend while visiting my in-laws. I will post some more later…

Rungus Longhouse

That’s the entrance door of the longhouse. The high structure is like an observation tower. I haven’t been able to climb it yet. 😉

Rungus Longhouse

That’s the front part of the longhouse, an extension structure from the main building.