Chronology of Malaysian Mountain Exploration (1851 – 1986)

An old friend of mine wrote this chronology in one of the forums on Mountains of Malaysia, based on the book by John Briggs. It seems that the book, Mountains of Malaysia is another rare book to be find nowadays. He even photo copied it from our Malaysian National library, as it is almost impossible to get a new copy nowadays. Last publication of the book was in 1988.

I love to highlight the time and people involved on climbing mountains in Sabah during the period of time.

Mountains of Malaysia by John Briggs

1851 ~ Hugh Low reaches summit region of Kinabalu. he is the first
man to look down the 900-metre depth of Low Gully

1857 ~ Spencer St. John makes first recorded attempt by outsider to
climb Mulu, but only reaches Banarat

1858 ~ Spencer St. John & Hugh Low climb up 1,000 metre on Banarat.
First ascent of South peak, 3,933 metre on Kinabalu
(Spencer St. John)

First outsider expedition to reach area of Gunung Murud and
Batu Lawi in present-day Sarawak(Spencer St. John)

1880 ~ Sultan Ahmad of pahang sends first expedition to GunungTahan
in northern Pahang. Expedition blocked by Teku Velley

1884 ~ Kulop Riau and William Cameron discover flat land in the
middle of the Main Range in Peninsular Malaysia
Survey Expedition discovers ancient ruins, 1,000 years
old, on the summit of Gunung Jerai in Kedah

1888 ~ First ascent of Low’s Peak, 4,101 metre, on Kinabalu by John
Whitehead.
Low’s Peak is highest point between Burma and New Guinea.

1891 ~ The Resident of Baram (Hose) is the first outsider to climb
Bukit Dulit in Sarawak

1905 ~ First ascent of Gunung Tahan by Bulang, Che Nik, Mat Arisand
Mu’min on the Wray-Robinson expedition
Survey expedition makes first ascent of Gunung Gerah in the
north of the Main Range in Peninsular Malaysia

1906 ~ Survey beacon erected on summit of Gunung Tahan

1908 ~ H.C. Robinson and C. Boden-Kloss are first outsider to reach
the present-day Cameron Highland

1911 ~ The Resident of Baram (Douglas) makes first government
expedition to Bareo in kalabit Highlands of Sarawak
Curator of Sarawak Museum (Moulton) leads first expedition
to Batu lawi. The Furthest point is half-way
up the saddle between the two peaks

1920 ~ Tama Nilong from Long Terawan discovers the route throughthe
rock cliff up onto the south-west ridge of Gunung Mulu

1922 ~ Curator of Sarawak Museum (Mjoberg) makes first ascent of
Gunung Murud, 2,423 metre – the highest mountain in Sarawak

1932 ~ Oxford Expedition to Sarawak
Tama Nilong and Edward Shackleton make first ascent of
Gunung Mulu; the Curator of Sarawak Museum
(Banks) and A.W. Moore are first outsider to climb Bukit
Kalulong

1941 ~ Japanese force capture Kuching on 25 December

1945 ~ Z Special parachutes into the Kelabit Highlands at Bareo

1946 ~ First ascent of lower peak of Batu Lawi by Tom Harrisson,
Lejau Unad Doolinih and five other Kelabits From Bareo

1956 ~ Myles Bowen and Morris discover a route from the Western
Plateau of Kinabalu to Eastern Plateau
(now know as “Bowen Route”)
Survey expedition makes first recorded ascent of Gunung
Trusmadi, 2,642 metre, the second highest mountain
in Sabah and in Malaysia

1957 ~ Myles Bowen and W.R.M. Urquhart makes first ascent of King
Edward Peak, 4,086 metre, on the Eastern
Plateau of Kinabalu using Bowen’s Route

1963 ~ Kotal bin Bondial discovers a route to the Eastern Plateauof
Kinabalu, via Ulu Mentaki and the Mekado
Velley (now known as “Kotal Route”)

1964 ~ First scientific expedition to the Eastern Plateau of
Kinabalu
– the Royal Society Expedition, led by Corner

1977-1978 ~ Royal Geographical Society/ Sarawak Government
Expedition to Mulu Park.
The world’s largest caves discovered in limestone Gunung
Api

1978 ~ First ascent of Gunung Api, 1,710 metre, in Mulu Park. The
summit is firstreaches by Tama Kulan and Tama
Bulan (grandson of Tama Nilong who first climbed Mulu with
Shackleton in 1932)

1986 ~ First ascent of upper peak of Batu Lawi by rock climbing
Team from 14th/20th King’s Hussars, led by Johny Beardsall

Further Reading: Mountains of Malaysia: a practical guide and manual

10 more Tip Of Borneo @ Tanjung Simpang Mengayau Photos

I posted few photos on Tanjung Simpang Mengayau, aka The Tip Of Borneo few months back while I was on holiday with my family. I guess, it is better for me to share with you another 10 photos that I took during that time. I don’t want it to be buried inside “My Pictures” folder of my notebook. I used Sony Cybershot S40 digital camera (which is dead) and Google Picasa for image editing.

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Tanjung Simpang Mengayau

Hope to see you there!

Blogging for business – Accomline Blog for travelers

Accomline BlogA new way to promote Accommodation Reservation Online – having a blog to promote it. Accomline Blog is a good example for accommodation provider to market the services through blogosphere. It provides accommodation news, updates, travel news and stories in a blog presentation to promote their online accommodation reservation services worldwide.

After surfing Accomline Blog for few minutes, I notice that it has few good articles about accommodation stories. “How to shut the kids up while traveling” is a good example that I could relate as I face similar difficulties while traveling with my kids. It makes sense to me that traveling with less disturbance from the kids will reduce my stress and make the journey more enjoyable.

Accommodation travel news about “France Experience” is one of the post that gives us the idea on what to do and where to go if we decided to go to France for our holiday. For me, I would like to experience “Tour de France” route!

Accomline Blog also features “Top destinations for Uni grads” as the latest accommodation updates, and listed out 4 major cities around the world. If you plan to spend your after graduation holiday, you should get some idea from the article.

Brought to you by Accomline Blog 

Kota Kinabalu travel destination photos by Julian

First of all, I would like to thank Ruhaizad for inviting me to become the first guest blogger in his Kinabalu Blog. I am honoured that he thought about me when he wanted to initiate this guest blogger in his blog. Most of you may not know that I have actually won a quiz about Mount Kinabalu some months back. In fact I just wanted to try my luck and little that I know I managed to win it.

I enjoyed reading this blog as it gives many information about Mount Kinabalu which you can’t find anywhere else. Anyway, I am invited to talk about travel places from anywhere in the world, however I shall start by promoting Sabah’s travel destinations.

Sunset at Tanjung Aru Beach

If you do not know, Sabah has one of the most beautiful sunset. Most of the time, you can enjoy a beautiful sunset from any shores of Sabah. I would of course recommend you Tanjung Aru Beach as well as the beaches along Nexus Karambunai and Shangri-La’s Rasa Ria Resort. Apart from the beaches, you can also enjoy a good sunset at other locations like in the Kota Kinabalu City Centre as shown in the photo below.

Dusk at Le Meridien Kota Kinabalu

Another local attraction that most people have yet to visit is the Lok Kawi Wildlife Park.

lokkawi01.jpg

Lok Kawi Wildlife Park is located about 15 kilometres from the city centre and would take you about 20 minutes to drive there. It is along the Old Penampang-Papar Road. The wildlife park was recently opened to the public and features animals like tigers, elephants, sun bear, orang utan and many more.

Main entrance of Lok Kawi Wildlife Park

Ideally, you would need to spend about two hours at the park if you take your time to enjoy the wildlife. Either an early morning or a late afternoon would be best as it won’t be too hot. The park opens daily from 9am until 5.30pm.

Sun bear at Lok Kawi Wildlife Park

The park usually attracts quite a bit of crowd during weekends as you can see parents bring their children as well as tourists. On weekends the park also offers elephant rides and other activities.

You may check out my previous post about Lok Kawi Wildlife Park and more pictures here and here.

Julian & familyJulian is a guest blogger from Julian and Morin’s Photoblog. He is an IT-savvy Daddy who works in the hospitality industry in the field of Information Technology while Morin is a stay at home Mummy taking care of Raelynne full time.

Write your post and win RM20 from Advertlets!

I won. After blogging about my first Advertlets check and a photo of my kids wearing Advertlets badge, Josh is kind enough to nominate me as one of the winner for the post.

Enough about me. If you have not received any Advertlets check (maybe the accumulated amount in your account is not enough for you to cash out), then you should consider writing a sponsored post about Advertlets. 100 bloggers from Malaysia and Singapore will have the opportunity to increase your account by RM20 (or SGD10 for Singaporean). It may not looked much, but it is better than nothing!

You can write a post in either English, Bahasa Malaysia, Mandarin, Singlish or Romanized Hokkien. Cool eh? Unfortunately, you cannot write your post in Sabahan dialect…

Advertlets winner

Send your entry before 30th September 2007. Happy blogging!

What does World Heritage title means to Kinabalu?

I received another email from Cikgu Ismail yesterday. He was asking me about the “World Heritage” title that was given by UNESCO (United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) to Kinabalu Park in 2000.

What is World Heritage?

World Heritage SiteHeritage is our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. Places as unique and diverse as the wilds of East Africa’s Serengeti, the Pyramids of Egypt, the Great Barrier Reef in Australia and the Baroque cathedrals of Latin America make up our world’s heritage.

What makes the concept of World Heritage exceptional is its universal application. World Heritage sites belong to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located.

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) seeks to encourage the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage around the world considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. This is embodied in an international treaty called the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 1972.

How did Mount Kinabalu get the title?

In January 2000, Kinabalu Park was nominated as one of the Heritage Site by UNESCO as it is a clear candidate for inscription on the World Heritage list on the basis of the following two natural criteria:

Criterion (ii): Ecological processes

  • The high species diversity of Kinabalu results from a number of factors:
    • the great altitudinal and climatic gradient from tropical forest to alpine conditions;
    • precipitous topography causing effective geographical isolation over short distances;
    • the diverse geology with many localised edaphic conditions, particularly the ultramafic substrates;
    • the frequent climate oscillations influenced by El Niño events;
    • geological history of the Malay archipelago and proximity to the much older Crocker Range.

Criterion (iv): Biodiversity and threatened species

Research on the biota of Mount Kinabalu has been extensive and has established that the park is floristically species-rich and a globally important Centre of Plant Endemism. The Park contains an estimated 5,000-6,000 vascular plant species including representatives from more than half the families of all flowering plants.

The presence of 1,000 orchid species, 78 species of Ficus, and 60 species of ferns are indicative of the botanical richness of the park. The variety of Kinabalu’s habitats includes 6 vegetation zones from lowland rainforest through to alpine scrub at 4,095m. Faunal diversity is also high with the majority of Borneo’s mammals, birds, amphibians and invertebrates (many threatened and vulnerable) known to occur in the park. It is clear that Kinabalu Park contains “the most important and significant habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity”. IUCN considers that the nominated site meets this criterion.

*****

Kinabalu has been identified by IUCN/WWF as a Centre of Plant Diversity. Despite its geological youth, it is exceptionally rich in species with elements from the Himalayas, China, Australia, Malesia and Pantropical floras. The park has between 5,000-6,000 vascular plant species, 1,000 of which are orchids.

It is particularly rich in Ficus (78 taxa), ferns (610sp) and Nepenthes (9 species of pitcher plants). Rafflesia, a rare parasitic plant is also found. The mountain flora has diverse “living fossils” such as the celery pine and the trig-oak, the evolutionary link between oaks and beeches.

So, in December 2000, World Heritage Committee Inscribes 61 New Sites on World Heritage List which includes Kinabalu Park and Mulu National Park.

Resources:

  1. United Nations Environment Program – World Conservation Monitoring Center – Kinabalu Park
  2. Kinabalu Park – UNESCO World Heritage Center

Climbing Eastern Ridge (Plateau) of Kinabalu

I have explained before that you can climb the Eastern Ridge of Kinabalu, together with a geographical map form Google Earth. Fortunately, arkitrek climbed the route in 2006. He wrote about his trip with Blogger.com, and I have the opportunity to highlight his post here.

***
I am a little disappointed when we head downhill, away from those alluring pinnacles. ‘Need water’ we are told. ‘No water here.’ We skirt the base of the pinnacles until it is possible to descend into a dry gully bed.

‘Tidak air,’ announces Jus, confirming the obvious.
‘OK, where is air?’ I try not to sound impatient or concerned.
‘Next one.’ By which I presume he means the next watercourse.

Ironically it starts to rain and I’m not sure whether to put some more clothes on or to spread out our tent flysheet to catch water? Jus and Din also appear uncertain and are quartering the hillside presumably looking for a trail that will lead to the ‘next one’. No sooner have I made my decision they find the trail contouring an improbably steep spur that bounds our gully.

Western Plateau peaks of Kinabalu
Western (Ridge) Plateau of Kinabalu, seen in the morning from Eastern Ridge. Notice the shadow?

We scramble up and down over tree roots and boulders, traversing the mountainside in a pattern that will inevitably bring us into another drainage. Again we hear ‘tidak air’. It’s getting late and Matt and I are grinning at each other in a ‘this is starting to get interesting but we’re game for it’ kind of manner. Matt and I may be game but Emma lets it be known that she’s flagging.

I wonder how much she has left. I have found through experience of climbing with women that they tend to hold more in reserve than they let on. This compared to men for whom the converse is often true. I hold onto this thought and pray that tiredness does not result in accidents.

We should have found a campsite by now but we continue, descending a gully choked with logs and boulders. We’re moving away from that smooth granite toward steaming jungle ravines of indiscernible depth. We descend by lowering ourselves from mossy roots onto footholds of crumbling humus.

I have twigs down my back from stooping under branches and my knees are filthy from crawling. We pass a good flat camping site. Tidak air of course and it’s onwards and downwards. At the end of the day it gets dark and even our guide has to admit that we will have to camp with tidak air.

‘Tidak bagus’ (not good) mutters Matt. We chop out a small ledge from the moss and roots and manage to get two thirds of the tent onto it. After dinner of tuna mayo with crackers washed down with peanut butter, we mix the last of our water with some rehydration salts and pass the mug around.
***

You can read his whole story here.

OssBlogger.com – Another blog for Open Source community

Open Source LogoIf you have been following this blog long enough, you might have came across some of the blog post that I wrote in “Open Source Software” category. I am an Open Source Software fan and supporter, and have been trying to migrate all my computer softwares to Open Source.

As this blog has become an authority blog for Mount Kinabalu, writing a blog post about “geeky stuff” in between Majestic Kinabalu seems a little bit odd to me (not to say my reader). I have been thinking for quite sometime on having a separate blog about Open Source, but the timing was never quite right.

However, when Exabytes promote 50% discount for their new web hosting services, I decided to buy another blog hosting, dedicated to my journey to Open Source Software.

I would like to invite you to visit my new blog, OssBlogger.com. Hopefully you can benefit some writings in my blog posts – from an end user point of view. From now on, all my experiences with Open Source Software will have a new home.

As a start, you can read these 3 maiden post on Open Source Software:

  1. How I use Audacity to produce my first podcast interview
  2. Free Antivirus – Moon Secure Antivirus for Windows
  3. How to install WordPress blog in your computer with XAMPP

Would you like to join me in the community?

First Aid Kit for your Mount Kinabalu climbing trip

These are the most common incidents that can make climbers injured during the trip up the Summit of Borneo.

Muscular aches

Everybody knows that climbing Mount Kinabalu is a strenuous activity. Muscular aches happens to all climbers. Most of the aches involves lower limbs – both legs, thighs, knees, calves, ankle and foot – because of the 8-12 hours of trekking up and down the mountain. Upper body aches happens if you bring too much of a load in your backpack – anything around 10kg is considered to much for an average casual climber. Apart from the strenuous activities, low fluid intake with inadequate minerals and electrolytes, can worsen the muscle aches, as it can’t function properly. Fatigue may sets in, and climbers can feel very week to continue the climb.

Minimize muscular aches by having a regular training before the climbing journey. Do cardio workout, at least 30 minutes a day, 3-4 days a week, and try to concentrate more on your lower limbs. Optimally, you should do the training and exercise at least 1 month before the climb.

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)

Low’s Peak of Kinabalu is categorized in Very High altitude scale (12,000 – 18,000 feet [3,658 – 5,487 meters]). The risk of you getting altitude sickness or acute mountain sickness (AMS) is there. Laban Rata, the place for you to stay overnight before ascending to Low’s Peak is at the High altitude scale (8,000 – 12,000 feet [2,438 – 3,658 meters]). It is really difficult to say who are susceptible to AMS and who will get it, until they really make it up there.

However, you should know what are the symptoms of AMS, so that you will be alert of this conditions. The symptoms of Mild AMS are;

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • disturbed sleep
  • general feeling of malaise

Minimize the effect of AMS by climbing the mountain slowly, better still, at your own pace. A simple Panadol or Ibuprofen can relief the symptoms. Stay properly hydrated – make sure you take a lot of fluid during the journey. There are 7 “pondok” (huts) along Summit Trail where you can refill your water bottle with untreated water. I elaborated more on the prevention of AMS here.

Trip & Falls

Climbing in a wet seasons gives extra challenges to climbers because of the water. Wet boulders and rocks can be very slippery sometimes. Wrong judgement and misaligned foot while walking through slippery surfaces can leads to fall. It is not about the mountain all the time, but climbers can sometimes be careless and ignorant.

Getting a pair of good shoes for the climb is necessary. Don’t follow what your porters and guides wears for their foot. A good trekking / climbing boots should at least have a traction sole, and high cut boots (which covers your ankle) is an option if you are afraid of ankle injury. Shoes guideline for climbathon runners can be a good reference for your trip.

Blisters

Blisters can be an annoying condition to have during your trip. New shoes with new socks can aggravate the production of blisters on your foot. That is why you need to “run in” your shoes for at least 2 weeks before the climb, so that your foot can get use to the new shoes. Prevention of blisters involves wearing a good thick socks and a well padded shoes. If it happens, you should know how to treat a simple blister.

Hand blisters can happen if you don’t wear gloves properly. During the second phase of the climb (all the way from Laban Rata), you will have to depends and hang on the rope that has been put there by the authorities. Waterproof gloves is better, but it may be a bit expensive. Normal wool gloves gives you some protection against the friction while using the rope.

Acute gastroenteritis (means that food & water poisoning)

Untreated water tankA well known medical problem to climbers who has a sensitive stomach. There is a water tank in each and every hut on the Summit Trail. However, the water comes from the mountain directly – hence, the tanks are all painted with “Untreated Water” sign. Wet season is slightly safer, as the water amounts are huge and it “dilutes” the microorganism inside, and the dynamic of the water makes the tank a “not so good” place for them to grow. Compared to dry season, when the water supply is limited, the water in the tanks can be stagnant, and it will be a good place for the microorganism to grow. The water will be slightly “concentrated” with microorganism during this period of time.

For most climbers who have a resistant stomach, this is not a problem. They could drink the water without any problems. However, some non-Asian climbers found out that they suffers from diarrhea from drinking the water directly from the tanks. If you happens to be like one of them, the best way to prevent this is by disinfecting the water with iodine salts. Iodine salts can kill the germs inside your water supply, and it is safe for you and your stomach. Bare in mind that the salts can produce an unpleasant odour with the water and some climbers may find it annoying.

First Aid Kit suggestion

Adventure Medical Kits have a good First Aid Kit that you can have for your trip up the Summit of Kinabalu. Small enough to take with you everywhere, the Fast and Light Personal Kit from Adventure Medical Kits contains enough first aid supplies for you and a friend Features:

  • Includes a First-Aid pamphlet Medications
  • 1 Splinter Picker Forceps
  • 3 Safety Pins
  • 4 Ibuprofen (200mg)
  • 2 Aspirin (325mg)
  • 2 Anitihistamine (Diphenhydramine)
  • Bleeding care items include 2 Nitrile Examination Gloves and 1 Infectious Control Bag Wound care
  • Sprain and blister items include 2 Butterfly Closure Strips
  • 2 Antibiotic Ointment
  • 6 After Cuts and Scrapes
  • 6 3×3 or 2×2’s Sterile Dressings
  • 1 Non-adherent Sterile Dressing, 1 Conforming Gauze Bandage (2 or 3)
  • 1 Adhesive Tape 10 yards (1-2)
  • 5 Strip and Knuckle Bandages
  • 2 Cotton Tipped Applicators
  • 1 Moleskin 4 x 3

Features

  • Reflective trim makes it easier to find kit in low-light conditions
  • Medications for inflammation, pain, allergic reactions, bites and stings, and heart attack symptoms
  • Nitrile gloves and infectious control bag
  • Wound care supplies
  • Moleskin dressing for preventing and treating blisters
  • Fine pointed, precision forceps allow you to pull out the smallest splinters or ticks

As a medical personnel myself, having a good first aid kit is a must when going into this kind of activities. In my opinion, the package by Adventure Medical Kits for climbers with the above kit is the minimum requirement that you must have. I would recommend you to have the kit – if you don’t want the hassle of buying the items inside the package separately.

“Hope for the best, prepare for the worst”. Happy mountaineering!

Recommended book – Kinabalu Escape

February 1994, a team of 7 British soldiers and 3 of their Hongkong counterparts embarked on an expedition to climb 4,095m Mt Kinabalu and then abseil into Low’s Gully, a sheer 1.6km drop to a virtually unexplored forest floor. The members in the team were:

LTC Robert Neill
MAJ Ron Foster
SGT Bob Mann
CPL Hugh Brittan
LCP Kelvin Cheung (HK)
LCP Richard Mayfield
LCP Pete Shearer
LCP Steve Page
PTE Victor Lam (HK)
PTE Chow (HK)

From the very beginning, the two officers have greatly underestimated Low’s Gully. They only had one day’s training in abseiling and only one member of the team was skilled enough to do multiple pitch abseils and that is LCP Richard Mayfield, a qualified rock climbing instructor.

When the 7 member British team met up with their HK counterparts in Sabah, Mayfield realized that the men from HK were not even aware of the great challenges they were going to face. With no signal devices and no porters, the team marched up the tourist trail only to find themselves exhausted at Panar Laban.

At Gunting Lagadan Hut, LCP Mayfield tried to persuade the colonel to abort Exercise Gully Heights. They didn’t have enough food and there were too many novices amongst them. LCP Mayfield’s advice was met with strong objection and insistence from LTC Neill.

After the climb to the summit, the team had to get down to Commando Cauldron (start of Low’s Gully), Easy Valley and Alphabet Rock. Mayfield brought Pete, Britt and Steve down to Easy Valley and started clearing the forest. Unfortunately, their task took longer than expected. The officers and the HK soldiers waited for them at the col but they did not return for the night. SGT Bob Mann was with the officers. That night, Bob reported spotting a large, ape-like creature at that altitude.

Then, the colonel ordered his group to take half the kit down to the front group, go back up and take the rest down the next day. By now, SGT Bob was certain that the colonel was no longer capable of commanding the expedition. He went down Easy Valley with the officers who turned back 2 hours before dusk. SGT Bob carried on to meet up with the front group. Bob got lost, then bumped into LCP Mayfield and the rest of the front group who have already set up the first abseils.

Next day, the colonel and his group arrived at Alphabet Rock, but the expedition leader was clearly unwell. LCP Mayfield who had gone down to check out the route of descent reported that he sees at least 6 abseils down, but that would still not bring them anywhere close to the bottom. LCP Mayfield explained that there would be no return possible once they started descending into the abyss. He made a last attempt to convince the colonel to abort the exercise. The colonel said that he would see him at the bottom.

Mayfield proceeded to descend, leading the front group which consisted of everybody except the officers and the HK soldiers. It took them 5 hours to descend 1800ft to the gully floor in 12 pitches. As expected, the rear group never showed up. The group debated on what to do. The leader made a terrible mistake of not bringing radio sets. Britt suspected the rear group might have retreated back to the hut. Bob warned that their supplies were low and they had to get out of the Gully fast. They made the collective decision to leave. They group climbed out of the east face of the gully and encountered thick forests, fast flowing streams and rapids. The group split up again. Pete and others were in one group and the Bob was with Mayfield.

The two of them found a river and decided to follow it downstream. Both men were starving. They finally arrived at Melangkap Tamis village, 3 weeks after they had left Park HQ. Pete and company had also arrived at that village. The kind villages took them in and provided them with much needed food and first aid in the form of folk medicine which included snakes and insects.

Back in Kota Kinabalu, they contacted their units and soon, a massive search was launched. A Malaysian helicopter spotted the rear group and rescued them. All 10 members of the expedition had survived.

Back in the UK, LCP Mayfield faced a Board of Enquiry in which the colonel accused him of disobeying orders and abandoning the rear group. LCP Mayfield was cleared of all charges but his military career was over.

Book review by Chan Joon Yee “Dr Chan” (Singapore), courtesy of Amazon.com